Khizhnyak Sergey Petrovich, Doctor of philological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of english
language, theoretical and applied linguistics, Saratov State Juridicial Academy (1 Volskaya street, Saratov, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Nowadays, various national idioms are formed based on of the English language. They are characterized by specific manifestations in phonetics, lexis and grammar. The aim of the article is to consider modern approaches to the study of specific features of the process of globalization of the English language and changes taking place in the course the formation of its regional variants.
Materials and methods. The study of the above-mentioned process is done based on generalization of the existing points of view in modern sociolinguistics and applied linguistics on the essence and characteristic features of national idiom formation taking into consideration various strata of the language. The sources of the analysis are theoretical works in the sphere of sociolinguistics and methods of the English language teaching in Russia and abroad.
Results. Based on comparison of phonetic, lexical and grammatical phenomena in the national idioms of the English language specific rules characterizing groups of such idioms were found out. Language phenomena described in the article presuppose practical value of the work for modern methods of teaching languages.
Conclusions. A hypothesis about the possibility of formation of the supranational idiom of the English language based on mixture of its new regional variants (national idioms) was formulated.
English language, national idiom of the language, globalization, supranational idiom, language contacts, lingua franca.
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